Today October 13 the Dutch Safety Board released the final report on Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 crash investigation. Investigators confirmed that the disaster was caused by the Russian-made Buk missile, which hit the plane. The disaster happened over the territory of eastern Ukraine, controlled by the Russia-backed militants on July 17, 2014, killing all 298 people on board, Joinfo.ua reports with the reference to The Guardian.
The head of DSB Tjibbe Joustra, presenting the report, said that the Buk missile “impact damage on the wreckage of flight MH17 is caused by a warhead with various types of preformed fragments in the 6-14 mm size range, including one type with a bowtie shape detonating to the left of, and above, the cockpit.”
The missile destroyed the front of the plane, killing the three pilots instantly and causing the rest of the plane to break apart.
The investigators made an animation of the crash:
The investigation concluded that the damage “observed on the wreckage is not consistent with the damage caused by the warhead of an air-to-air missile”. Therefore the plane was not struck by an air-to-air missile.
“The damage observed on the wreckage in amount of damage, type of damage, boundary and impact angles of damage, number and density of hits, size of penetrations and bowtie fragments found in the wreckage, is consistent with the damage caused by the 9N314M warhead used in the 9M38 and 9M38M1 BUK surface-to-air missile.”
The report named the missile as a 9N314M warhead as carried on a 9M38-series missile and launched by a Buk surface-to-air missile system.
The company making Buk missile systems, Almaz-Antey, gave a press conference on Tuesday morning and said they conducted two experiments proving that the missile could not have been launched from areas under pro-Russia separatist control.
The DSB investigation determined what caused the disaster but it did not answer the main question: who shot down flight MH17? A second criminal investigation by the Dutch prosecutor’s office, scheduled to conclude early in 2016, is expected to clarify it.