UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon expressed his concern over the vector of geopolitical events of recent years and urged the world leaders to abandon "short-sighted political posturing," UN News Center informs, Joinfo.ua reports.
"Recent developments indicate that the trend towards nuclear zero is reversing. Instead of progress towards new arms reduction agreements, we have allegations about destabilizing violations of existing agreements," says the message of Ban Ki-moon, delivered by the Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson on April 27 to the Opening Plenary of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
UN Secretary-General recalled that the NPT, signed in 1968 by 59 countries and put into force in 1970, is the cornerstone of the nonproliferation regime and an essential basis for realizing a nuclear-weapon-free world.
"I call on leaders to abandon short-sighted political posturing and instead embrace a bold and global vision that meets the demands of humanity. True national security can only be achieved outside and away from the shadow of the nuclear threat," says the message.
It should be noted that that the NPT granted the five countries (UK, USA, China, the USSR and France) the status of nuclear powers and it was designed to prevent the further spread of nuclear weapons. On the one hand, the nuclear arsenals of the "five" were legalized, on the other, all the other countries that signed the document, were denied the right to produce or buy nuclear weapons. Member states of the nuclear club pledged not to transfer nuclear weapons technology and achieve total elimination of their nuclear arsenals.
In 1995, the duration of the Agreement was extended indefinitely. At the moment, India, Pakistan and Israel are outside the NPT. Israel is bringing the total solution to the crisis in the Middle East as a condition for accession to the NPT. India and Pakistan are considering the possibility of their accession to the NPT only as states possessing weapons. North Korea announced its withdrawal from the NPT, but this step was not recognized by the international community.
Jan Eliasson reminded about the task of creating a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, and deplored the fact that in this area there had been "no significant progress."