According to press reports, groups of young people smash shops and municipal property, pelt police, buildings and cars with stones and conduct arson attacks. The protests mainly involve Turkish Kurds, Kurdish parties and supporters of the separatist Kurdistan Workers Party.
The reason for demonstrations is the opposition of Kurds and "Islamic state" militant groups in the Syrian city of Kobani. The demonstrators oppose to inaction of Ankara, which has strengthened border security, but takes a wait and see attitude, not interfering in the conflict in Kobani. The Kurds are afraid that the Islamists can capture the city strategically important for them.
The conflict occurs not only between the protesters and police, but also between the supporters of the various Kurdish organizations. Police uses tear gas, water cannons, and sometimes rubber bullets for mob dispersion. People killed in the riots were either shot dead by armed men in the crowd, stabbed or beaten in the clashes. Dozens of people are in hospitals, many of them are in serious condition.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that the police would not show tolerance to the rioters. Security management of the number of provinces, including Istanbul and Ankara, immediately ordered to stop their employees" rest on the occasion of the five-day celebration of Eid al-Adha holiday and to cut vacations short.
Although Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu did not exclude that the Turkish army can conduct a ground operation in Syria, while Ankara does not take active actions.
Turkey insists that further actions of the United States were aimed to overthrow the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and waits for the international coalition to create no-fly zone and buffer zone on the border with the neighboring country.
Meanwhile, violent clashes involving Yezidi Kurds and Muslims because of the events in Syria occurred in two cities in the north of Germany – in Hamburg and Celle. According to the press, there are no victims, but the number of injured reaches 10 people. The riots arose after the demonstration of Kurdish activists, who demanded from the international community to fight harder against the IS militants in Syria.
More than 400 people killed in the battle for the Syrian Kobani
In the fierce battle for the Syrian city of Kobani on the border with Turkey, more than 400 people were killed, reports Reuters with reference to the human rights defenders. Kobani "ready to fall" under the pressure of IS militants, declared the President Erdogan disappointed with the lack of Western aid. Meanwhile, the United States State Department announced the intensification of negotiations with Turkey, which demands ground operation.
Kobani is strategically and psychologically important city on the border of Turkey and Syria, the center of the district, announced by the Syrian Kurds as autonomous. The Kurdish fighters "Peshmerga" are the main force holding back the progress of the extremist "Islamic State" "on the ground". The siege of the city began three weeks ago. According to witnesses, both sides have numerous losses in the battle for Kobani. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported 412 victims on both sides, the human rights activists did not separate armed militants and civilians.
Since the beginning of the Kobani siege, nearly 200,000 civilians have fled to neighboring Turkey. More than a hundred villages near Kobani are under the control of the terrorists.
Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan visited a large camp of Syrian refugees and criticized Western countries for the policy of non-interference in Syria and Iraq. He said that bombardment would not stop the IS, a ground operation is needed. At the same time, Reuters reminds, earlier Turkey refused to join the US-led coalition against the Sunni radicals of the IS.
According to Erdogan, to solve the Syrian crisis it should be declared no-fly zone and buffer zone, as well maintained moderate Syrian opposition.
Addressing the refugees, he said, "We helped and we will help, but the West only observes. They only talk, when you have something to do – there are not here. Europe took only 130,000 refugees and closed the borders". According to the president, Muslim Turkey has already taken 1.5 million refugees, allocating more than $ 4 billion for their security.
This summer the IS terrorist group declared "caliphate" on the occupied territories of Syria and Iraq. September 23, the United States, with the support of allied countries, including Arab ones, started air strikes at the positions of the "Islamic state" in Syria; the similar operation has taken place in Iraq since August.
USA intensify negotiations with Turkey
At the briefing for journalists, the spokesman of the United States Department of State Jen Psaki assured that in the last days the United States have stepped up contacts with Syria. According to her, the last few days the head of the Department of State, John Kerry spoke with his Turkish counterpart Ahmet Davutoglu twice.
"Turkey estimates what significant role the country will play in the future, and these negotiations are ongoing," said Psaki. "They have shown their openness to it, and negotiations go actively".
In addition, on Thursday, October 9, the new NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg will visit Ankara. He will discuss the security of Turkey, as well as joint actions due to the growing threat posed by the IS. Earlier, the Turkish authorities have pointed out that the targets of the anti-terrorist coalition should be extended, and one of them should include the overthrow of the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria. If the no-fly zone in the border region is declared, as required by Erdogan, the coalition will have to shoot down the planes of the Syrian Air Force.